Modelling, simulation and optimization are fundamental to solving problems in a number of fields of science, technology and life. Students will learn to design, implement, simulate, and optimize a model of dynamic system. Simulation, the exploration of the dynamic behavior of the model in time and space, is discussed for both continuous and discrete-event systems. Simulating a model allows the evaluation of indicators of the performance of the modelled system, improving our understanding of its behavior and dynamic complexity.